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4-wire Resistive Touchscreen Tft Lcd Display

A 4-wire resistive touch screen is a type of touch screen technology commonly used in various electronic devices. It consists of multiple layers, including two transparent resistive layers with a space in between. The layers are typically made of a flexible material, such as polyester.
 
Since 2007, Reshine Display has established itself as a trusted manufacturer of touch screen displays. With our own state-of-the-art factories in Shenzhen and Huizhou, we have the capability to produce a wide range of touchscreen display solutions that redefine user experiences. Our product lineup includes capacitive touch screens, resistive touch screens, and TFT LCD displays, available in sizes ranging from 2.4 inches to 32 inches.
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Product Description:

A 4-wire resistive touch screen is a type of touch screen technology commonly used in various electronic devices. It consists of multiple layers, including two transparent resistive layers with a space in between. The layers are typically made of a flexible material, such as polyester.

4-wire resistive touch screens are known for their durability, affordability, and compatibility with various input devices, such as styluses, fingers, or gloved hands. However, they may require more pressure to register a touch compared to other touch screen technologies like capacitive touch screens. Additionally, they are prone to certain issues like pressure points and limited multi-touch functionality.

4-wire resistive touch screens are also known for their cost-effectiveness, making them popular in various applications, including industrial control panels, point-of-sale (POS) systems, medical devices, and more. 



Here's how a 4-wire resistive touch screen works:

Layers: The touch screen has a top layer and a bottom layer, both coated with a conductive material. The top layer is often called the "touch" or "flexible" layer, while the bottom layer is referred to as the "glass" or "rigid" layer.


Voltage Divider: When no pressure is applied to the touch screen, the top layer remains slightly separated from the bottom layer. This creates a small air gap between them. The layers are designed in a way that they form a voltage divider circuit when pressure is applied to the top layer.


X and Y Coordinates: On the four edges of the touch screen, there are four electrodes, two on each side. The electrodes along the X-axis (horizontal) are connected to a constant voltage source, while the electrodes along the Y-axis (vertical) are connected to a sensing circuit.


Voltage Measurement: When a touch occurs on the top layer, it presses the two layers together, causing them to come into contact at a specific point. This contact creates a connection between the electrodes along the X and Y axes.


Voltage Drop: As the touch creates a connection between the electrodes, the voltage from the constant voltage source on the X-axis undergoes a drop due to the resistance of the layers and the touch point. The sensing circuit measures this voltage drop.


Coordinate Calculation: The sensing circuit measures the voltage drops at multiple points on the Y-axis and calculates the corresponding X-axis coordinates based on the known positions of the electrodes. This process is repeated to obtain the Y-axis coordinates as well.


Touch Recognition: The touch screen controller analyzes the X and Y coordinates obtained from the sensing circuit and determines the exact location of the touch on the touch screen. This information is then used to perform the desired action or input on the device.



Assembling an LCD display with a 4-wire resistive touch screen:

Prepare the components: Gather the LCD display and the 4-wire resistive touch screen along with any necessary accessories, such as cables and connectors.


Clean the surfaces: Ensure that the surfaces of both the LCD display and the touch screen are clean and free from any dust or debris that could interfere with the touch functionality.


Align the components: Carefully align the 4-wire resistive touch screen with the LCD display. The touch screen should match the size and shape of the LCD display's active area.


Secure the touch screen: Use adhesive or other suitable methods to securely attach the 4-wire resistive touch screen to the LCD display. Be cautious not to apply too much pressure on the LCD to avoid damaging it.


Connect the cables: Connect the touch screen's interface cables to the appropriate connectors on the LCD display. Make sure the connections are secure and properly aligned.


Test the functionality: Once the touch screen is attached and the connections are made, power on the LCD display and test the touch functionality. Check if the touch response is accurate and consistent across the entire display area.


Calibrate the touch screen (optional): If required, calibrate the touch screen to ensure precise touch accuracy. Calibration involves aligning the touch points with the corresponding display pixels.


Final assembly: Once the touch screen is successfully attached and tested, proceed with the final assembly of the device or product where the LCD display with the 4-wire resistive touch screen will be used.




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